(Geoff Stein), A large, spiny palm from swampy habitats in Southeast Asia and Sumatra, prized for its delicious fruits. The taste of the fruit is somewhat musty, and somewhere in between dried bananas, jackfruit, and preserved dates. ... hairy, with a short, trifid dark red stigma, staminodes 5-6, borne on the corolla throat. The brittle thin skin is removed to reveal yellow/white flesh which has flavours reminiscent of Granny Smith apple, strawberry and pineapple. Bokeh abstract blurred orange … Petioles of S. wallichiana are sometimes used in house construction in Thailand (Dransfield 1981c). In commercial orchards the palms can be grown successfully without shade, provided they are irrigated. Rodents cause serious loss of fruit. The plants are valued for their edible fruit, mainly in Thailand, and are also harvested as a source of construction materials. Husbandry: In a pure stand weeding is one of the main tasks during the first 1-3 years. This page has been accessed 11,580 times. Fruits which are used for cooking can be harvested after 25 weeks. MALAY : Salak. There were estimated to be 6000-10 000 palms of the sala type in the country in 1989. #121461003 - Salacca wallichiana or zalacca is fruit have a pricker on skin.. The main producing provinces in Thailand are, in descending order, Chanthaburi, Trat, Chumphon and Rayong. In palms over 100 years old, the creeping stem can reach 3-4 m, with an erect terminal leaf-bearing part 1 m tall and with many adventitious roots, most abundant towards the tip. Its fruit has a scaly snake skin-like appearance with a crunchy apple-like texture and a sugary pineapple flavor. The area planted with the inferior rakum forms has never been recorded. Soil types: The palm thrives in soils ranging from sandy loam to heavy clay. Family: Arecaceae. Leaves 3-7 m long, pinnate; spines flat, linear-triangular, almost perpendicular to the leaf-sheaths, some pointing downwards; leaflets 60-75 cm x 6-8 cm. Phonetic spelling of Latin names by edric. leaves of 'Sala Noenwong' reach only 3 m. This cultivar is further characterized by abundant suckering, long terminal leaflets and the light-brown colour of the fruit, which has an obtuse tip. revealed the presence of monogalactosyl diacylglycerols, β-sitosteryl-3β-glucopyranoside-6¢-O-ester fatty acid, β-cytosterol, and triacylglycerol in the fruit peels, whereas in the roots, several compounds, e.g., β-sitosterol and stigmasterol, had been reported. We have a mature one at Leu Gardens in Orlando. Palms of Southern Asia. Vegetative propagation by separating rooted suckers from the mother palms is less common. Near Trang, Thailand. "Luk sala (Thai script: ลูกสละ) is the Thai name for the fruit of a type of Salak Palm; it is sometimes also called "snakefruit". Asmussen-Lange, W.J. It tends to be more rounded in shape compared to the luk sala. In Thailand snake fruit is widespread, popular as a snack on the streets, and it is called there Luk rakam, Rakum Palm. Snake fruit peel is normally discarded as waste. Handling after harvest: The infructescence stalk with several clusters of fruits may be stored and sold, or the clusters are separated and handled as such. Pollination is mainly by insects. is a tropical fruit produced in Indonesia. Other products: Wild clumps in the forest not only produce food, but are also a major source of cork, thatch and other construction materials in rural areas. However, vegetative propagation is recommended. autumn fresh vegetables on dark stone table with copy space, top view. Harley & C.E. Superior fruit-bearing forms have been developed and these are often cultivated in gardens and plantations [ 303 (worldagroforestrycentre.org), Food: The palms differ greatly in fruit characters, such as the colour of the pulp (which ranges from pale yellow via pink to dark brown) and texture and thickness of the edible portion. Photo by Geoff Stein. Both 'Sakum' and rakum fruits are greyish-orange with a short, pointed tip. Fruit Tropical Background Sweet Food Salacca Thailand Palm Nature White Exotic Sala Asia Red Healthy Natural Fresh Delicious Tasty Nutrition Dessert Seed Zalacca Salak Color Brown Health Isolated Freshness Organic Asian Gourmet Closeup Texture Studio Bunch Whole Section Half Pulp Peeled Yellow Macro Ripe Detail Wallichiana Hairy Sharp Thorn Pricker The colour changes to yellow at 20-23 weeks of age and to brown thereafter while the contents harden. Both wild (in the forest) and cultivated the palm is most abundantly found in the hot and humid areas of Thailand which lie between 10-13 deg. Photo by Dr. Scott Zona. Roots can reach a length of 2 metres but do not extend to a great depth. (worldagroforestrycentre.org), Rakum palm is an clustering (soboliferous) palm with very spiny leaves that are 3 - 7 metres long. Laos. The fruit skin is covered with regularly arranged scales that encase the sarcotesta (flesh) and seeds (Figure 4). Also called the snake fruit due to the beautiful pattern on the fruit, this is a tropical palm from Bali in Indonesia. Luk rakam (Thai script: ลูกระกำ) is the fruit of another type of Salak Palm. For the superior sala cultivars harvesting time is 36 weeks and not later than 38 weeks after pollination. The fruit of the Salacca wallichiana , a native of South East Asia. Thailand. Pests: A fruit-eating worm is also found. 'Sakum' has its origin somewhere in Chanthaburi or Trat provinces. Seeds 1-3, covered with a fleshy sarcotesta. Leaflets are arranged in clumps along the petioles sticking out in all directions in each clump, giving a plumose appearance. (2005). This indicates a heavy fruit set in November and December, i.e. Photo by Dr. John Dransfield, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew/Palmweb. Spineless variety. Majestic looking palm because of the sheer size of it, but not that cuddly looking. XL Luk Rakam Snake Fruit Palm Tree (clustering salacca wallichiana) – (XL Specimen, 8” Pot) Salacca is a delicious, high yield, fruiting, short-stemmed palm native to Indonesia. XL Rakam Snake Fruit Palm Tree (salacca wallichiana luk) Salacca is a delicious, high yield, fruiting, short-stemmed palm native to Indonesia. There are three main species of salak grown commercially … The Salak (S. zalacca) or snake fruit is the species most widely grown for its fruit; the firm white pulp has a slight acidic taste. The skin of 10-16-week-old fruitlets is brown, turning darker to almost black at 17-23 weeks, gradually changing to orange when the fruit ripens. Annual rainfall: 2500-3000 mm. A vigorous, spiny palm that is thought to originate from southern Sumatra to Java in Indonesia. On low-lying wetlands it grows better than most fruit trees. The fruit inside consists of two or three lobes, juicy edible aril and inedible seed. Salacca wallichiana is found in Malaya, Myanmar, Sumatera, Thailand, and Vietnam. FRENCH : Coeur de palmier (vegetable). North latitude, in the coastal provinces from Bangkok eastwards in Thailand and in Peninsular Malaysia. The plantlets are separated from the stem and nursed in polythene bags for a year before planting out in the field at the beginning of the rainy season. Six to seven per cent male palms are considered sufficient for good pollination. Farmers control the damage by covering the large infructescence with chicken wire. Salacca wallichiana is asia fruit at fruit market Premium Photo 2 years ago. Fruit rot sometimes occurs, especially during the rainy season. Image Text: Dr. Andrew J. Henderson. Licuala spinosa (left) and Salacca wallichiana (right) form a tunnel over trail. (worldagroforestrycentre.org), Diseases: Some diseases and pests have been observed, but as the crop is relatively new and minor, the study of the causal organisms and their control has not yet received much attention. This is a tillering palm, it exhibits saxophone style root growth (it has a heel), keep top third of heel above soil elevation! 'Sala Mor' and 'Sala Sane' originated from rakum grown near Bangkok. Inflorescences emerge throughout the year but nearly all fruit is harvested between June and August in Thailand. Salak fruit, more technically known as snake or salacca zalacca is a fruit that grows in clusters at the base of the palm and they are called snake fruit because of its reddish-brown scaly skin. Save. It should be noted that harvesting the palm heart of clustering species is a non-destructive practice (sustainable), unlike harvesting those of solitary species or all the terminal buds of any palm, all of which kill the plant. Some 2000 palms were moved to Phetchabun province, 300 km north of Bangkok. Although this will bring the price down, there is still much room for agronomic improvement which will raise yield levels and/or reduce the cost price. Leaf pruning is not advisable, but may be necessary to facilitate orchard operations. (worldagroforestrycentre.org), Harvesting: In Thailand June and July are the peak harvest months for rakum; the harvest tails off towards November. Govaerts, R. & Dransfield, J. The origin of the rakum palm is not clear, but it is found in the lowlands of southern Burma, south of 19 deg. Hand Yai, Thailand. 2008. Imagetext: Edible Medicinal and Non-Medicinal Plants by Dr. T. K. Lim. Healthy food background. Salacca zalacca: thornless salak: AS: very reduced thorns, fruits like the common bali type: most: $2 each : Salacca x hybrid: affinis x wallichiana: AS: fruit characteristics midway between affinis and sour type wallichiana: most: $2 each It has the spiky exterior, but it is not hard to peel. Photo by Frank (Tropico), Manuel Antonio, Costa Rica. For sweet fruit taste rakum should be harvested 28 weeks after anthesis (hand pollination). (worldagroforestrycentre.org), S. wallichiana is popular only in Thailand. Loose packing would be the best way to handle the fruit. The Salak (S. zalacca) or snake fruit is the species most widely grown for its fruit; the firm white pulp has a slight acidic taste. Male inflorescences about 1 m long, branching into many reddish spadices; flowers with 3 sepals, 3 petals and 5 stamens; anthers with functional yellowish pollen; female inflorescences 1-2 m long, with 3-8 reddish spadices, each with staminate and hermaphrodite flowers in 1:1 ratio, both without functional pollen; staminate flowers with a reddish, tubular corolla and 5 staminodes borne on the corolla throat; hermaphrodite flowers with 3 pink sepals, fused at the base, ovary trilocular, hairy, with a short, trifid dark red stigma, staminodes 5-6, borne on the corolla throat. The sala cultivars do not grow as large as the rakum types, e.g. The fruit has a rough and scaly skin that visually resembles snake’s skin. In this risk analysis, fresh salacca fruit is defined as individual, oval shaped fruit that tapers towards the base and is rounded at the top. There is no commercial processing of rakum so far. The rapid expansion of the city in the late 1970s threatened these cultivars with extinction. The flesh of 10-19-week-old fruits is off-white and turns to light yellow when the fruits are 20-22 weeks old; as the fruit grows it gradually assumes a more yellow-orange colour. NMR study of the dichloromethane extract of Salacca wallichiana Mart. The hybrid seedlings show variable characteristics. The objectives are to produce palms with the following characteristics: spineless, sparse suckering, thick fruit flesh, sweet and aromatic taste, and high yield. Nong Nooch Botanical Garden, Thailand. Seeds for sale starting at € 7.80. Xenia effects are quite noticeable in S. wallichiana, so it is important to choose a compatible male strain. The fruit ripens 7-9 months after bloom. Fruit a drupe, occurring in dense heads, obovoid, 2.5 cm long, the skin (epicarp) consisting of orange-brown scales with reflexed brittle points; endocarp not differentiated. user14908974. Dense clumps yield poorly and are difficult to harvest. Palmpedia also stated that Salacca won't set viable fruit at temps below 22C. This strange looking fruit is very tasty - sweet and acidic. Suckering and shoot emergence varied considerably. The spineless 'Sakum' has leaves nearly as long (5 m) as the rakum types and the fruit quality is not much better: there is only a little flesh covering the large stones. Special thanks to Geoff Stein, (Palmbob) for his hundreds of photos. The country's production was estimated at 500-1000 t in 1988, the bulk being the inferior type of fruit gathered from the forest. A rotary grass cutter or herbicides (Glyphosate) are commonly used to control weeds. Salacca is a genus of about 20 species of palms native to Southeast Asia and the eastern Himalayas.[1][2]. "World Checklist of Selected Plant Families: Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew", https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Salacca&oldid=905396228, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 8 July 2019, at 21:10. In young non-bearing orchards, removing suckers is the most unpleasant chore, but a must. Special thanks to Palmweb.org, Dr. John Dransfield, Dr. Bill Baker & team, for their volumes of information and photos. Voss (family Arecaceae) is the snake fruit commonly known in Malay language as salak in Malaysia. Roots can reach a length of 2 m but do not extend to a great depth. Brix. There are 21 species and four varieties of Salacca (Rangsiruji et al., 2006).In Thailand, the salak is cultivated in the eastern and southern parts of the country and the main commercial species grown are S. wallichiana Mart and S. rumphii, known as Rakam and Sala, respectively, by Thais (Dangcham, 1999, Thangjatuporn, 2000) (). In rare instances weevils attack the growing point of the palm. This page was last modified 07:43, 3 July 2017 by. The cross of sala x 'Sakum' yielded almost 50% spineless seedlings. Among them are 'Sala Mor', 'Sala Sane', 'Sala Noenwong' and the spineless 'Sakum'. This means that good growers could obtain US$ 100-130 per palm per year. Snake fruit (Salacca edulis Reinw.) early in the dry season. http://www.flickr.com/photos/25530364@N07/3818110267/, http://www.flickr.com/photos/xerantheum/4355037713/, http://www.palmpedia.net/wiki/index.php5?title=Salacca_wallichiana&oldid=160382, PALM SOCIETY OF SOUTHERN CALIFORNIA (PSSC), CENTRAL FLORIDA PALM AND CYCAD SOCIETY (CFPCS). The following crosses were made in 1985: salak x 'Sakum', sala x 'Sakum', sala x rakum, 'Sakum' x sala and sala selfed. The fruits, which are delicious and are also sold in local markets at some places, are … (worldagroforestrycentre.org), "This is another spiny species with long, mostly straight leaves, but arching a bit at the tips, leaves shoot out of the ground (clustering palm)- stemless. In Thailand, another species of snakefruit known as "Salacca wallichiana" is preferred. They are very short-stemmed palms, with leaves up to 6–8 m long. rice straw. Irrigation in the dry season, together with application of manure and 3-4 kg per clump of a complete fertilizer with a low N-content improves yield and fruit quality considerably. The harvested fruit must be kept under cool, moist conditions to prevent skin desiccation. Synonym: Salacca zalaca. Photo by Jeff Anderson. (worldagroforestrycentre.org), Plantation: The number of palms per ha (hecter acre, 1 Hector=2.47 acres) varies from 200 to 400, depending on the cultivar. The other seedlings are expected to bear fruit in 1991. Hand pollination can also raise yields substantially. (RPS.com). The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. However, a concerted research effort is required to make the dense, spiny palms more manageable and to develop post-harvest techniques which will extend the market for this special fruit. ... Salacca wallichiana is probably the hardiest species. Bali salak is a palm.It is native of Indonesia. (worldagroforestrycentre.org). The superior quality fruit of the sala type could fetch in 1989 a farmgate price as high as US$ 5 per kg. The salak palm grown in northern Sumatra is ascribed to a distinct species, S. sumatrana Becc. Collect. North latitudes. After about 5-6 years the palm starts flowering. It is often consumed due to its sweet taste. Lewis. The leaves have a spiny petiole; in most species they are pinnate with numerous leaflets, but some species, notably S. magnifica, have undivided leaves. The soil is kept moist to force viable buds on the cuttings to sprout. The plants are valued for their edible fruit, mainly in Thailand, and are also harvested as a source of construction materials. Seeds for sale starting at € 9.30. Photo by Dr. John Dransfield, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew/Palmweb. This exotic fruit has diverse and potential pharmacological properties due to its high antioxidant content. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Salacca affinis Griff.. ENGLISH : Edible-fruited salak palm , Palm heart (vegetable). Breeding: Breeding work began in 1985. Fruits over 30 weeks old develop an unpleasant flavour. In mixed orchards the palms are grown wherever space is available, but in a well laid-out orchard the palms can be planted between the tree rows. Find Salacca Wallichiana Full Thorns Delicious Fruit stock images in HD and millions of other royalty-free stock photos, illustrations and vectors in the Shutterstock collection. It is expected that by the end of 1991 more than 10 accessions of S. wallichiana will be growing at the centre. Food: The rakum palm is grown for the edible sarcotesta of the fruit. In its natural habitat and in mixed orchards rakum is commonly found under shade. The sour unripe fruit can be a substitute for lime in cooking, whereas the ripe fruit is sweet and consumed raw. The leafelts are lancelote to ovoid and drooping a bit. Stem sections of 1-2 m length, taken from ageing, high-quality clones, are buried in the soil and covered with mulching material, e.g. A tree of Bali salak. The skin of the snakefruit has a unique texture not unlike that of a snake's skin, rough to the touch in one direction but smooth in the other. (worldagroforestrycentre.org), Boundary or barrier or support: The wild form is grown as a fruit-bearing fence. The temperature range required is 22-32 deg. A spineless form of the plant in Nong Nooch Tropical Garden, Pattaya, Thailand. Selection in the rakum palms has given rise to the sala group of cultivars of superior quality. Baker, M.M. At Chanthaburi Horticulture Research Centre work is in progress to propagate the palm through tissue culture. World Checklist of Palms: 1-223. All images copyright of the artists and photographers (see images for credits). Thousands of new, high-quality pictures added every day. Chemical investigation of the dichloromethane extracts of Salacca wallichiana Mart. Salacca zalacca (Gaertn.) Spineless forms exist." At harvest each fruit cluster or the entire infructescence is cut with a hooked knife or pruning shears on long handles. You may also like. Its fruit has a scaly snake skin-like appearance with a crunchy apple-like texture and a sugary pineapple flavor. Genetic resources: A germplasm collection is being assembled at the Chanthaburi Horticulture Research Centre. Locally known as “sala,” this variety is similar in taste but with less astringency and a juicy texture. Thailand. 'Sala Noenwong' originated in Chanthaburi province from a seedling of 'Sala Mor' about 120 years ago. The taste of the luk rakam is also more watery.". The genus Salacca is known as “ salak ” in Bahasa, “ snake fruit ” in English, and “ sala ” in Thai. Salacca zalacca is cultivated for its excellent fruit, and fruits of other species are eaten although they are sometimes very sour. At this age the sugar content is 13-14 deg. Flesh to seed ratios vary from 10:1 to 2:1 by weight. 'Sala Mor' has leaves of about 4 m length with short terminal leaflets and has greyish-orange fruit with a beaked tip. Photo by Dr. John Dransfield, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew/Palmweb. (worldagroforestrycentre.org) Editing by edric. Superior fruit-bearing forms have been developed and these are often cultivated in gardens and plantations. One or two stems per clump are sufficient for good yield. Yield: The average yield of S. wallichiana varies from 6 to 12 t/ha per year depending on cultivars. Photo by Dr. T. Evans, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew/Palmweb. It can stand drought very well, but in the dry season irrigation is needed for a good yield. led to the isolation of monogalactosyl diacylglycerols ( 1 ), β-sitosteryl-3β-glucopyranoside-6 - O -fatty acid esters ( 2 ), β-sitosterol ( 3 ) and triacylglycerols ( 4 ) from 12. A creeping and tillering palm that grows in clumps (caespitose), the creeping, unbranched stems can reach 3 - 4 metres long in plants over 100 years old with an erect terminal leaf-bearing part 1 metre tall and with many adventitious roots, most abundant towards the tip. In mixed smallholder orchards and home gardens, shading reduces weed problems and hand weeding is practised. (www.worldagroforestry.org). Salacca components were methyl 3-hydroxy-3-methylpentanoate wallichiana is one of the species of the genus Salacca (25.0%) and methyl (E)-3-methylpent-2-enoate (23.4%)7. which is found in Malaya, Myanmar, Sumatra, Thailand, The snake fruit (S. edulis Reinw) Pondoh afforded methyl and Vietnam2. The post-harvest technology has not yet been developed. Fruit a drupe, occurring in dense heads, obovoid, 2.5 cm long, the skin (epicarp) consisting of orange-brown scales with reflexed brittle points; endocarp not differentiated. Fruits of salak x 'Sakum' were 100% seedless but very astringent. Fruit is normally sub globose to ellipsoid drupe, 15–40 per spadix, measuring 5–7 cm by 5 cm, tapering towards base and rounded at the top. In the main rakum production centre, the annual rainfall is 2500-3000 mm with 5-6 dry months. The stones in 10-19-week-old fruits are white and contain a jelly-like substance. Many Special Thanks to Ed Vaile for his long hours of tireless editing and numerous contributions. Uhl, C.B. Like. Someone may be germinating Salacca seeds from HI in a conservatory in SO CAL or importing seedlings from HI en masse to sell locally. Dry weather is needed for good fruit set; spadices emerging in the rainy season tend to rot and the viability of the pollen is poor. Genera Palmarum - Evolution and Classification of the Palms. Glossary of Palm Terms; Based on the glossary in Dransfield, J., N.W. The common English name is snake fruit, but people in Indonesia call it Salak, maybe because of its scientific name (salacca). C; lower temperatures reduce flowering. Growing sala cultivars is so profitable that a rapid expansion of production is to be expected. The skin of the snakefruit has a unique texture not unlike that of a snake's skin, rough to the touch in one direction but smooth in the other. (worldagroforestrycentre.org), Propagation methods: Fresh seed germinates readily and propagation from seed is easy, have a high germination rate (90%) and emerge in less than 10 days, but the rate decreases after storage. Seeds usually 3 per fruit, with 2-8 mm thick, fleshy, cream-coloured sarcotesta and a smooth, stony inner part, 23-29 mm x 15-27 mm, which is blackish-brown and trigonous with 2 flat surfaces and a curved one; endosperm homogeneous and white. The fruit is sold and consumed locally, mainly fresh. Leaflets are arranged in clumps along the petioles sticking out in all directions in each clump, giving a plumose appearance. Seeds 1-3, covered with a fleshy sarcotesta which constitutes the edible portion. Salacca wallichiana is a very spiny species, prized for its delicious fruits with long, mostly straight leaves arching a bit at the tips shooting out of the ground. A dioecious, creeping and tillering palm, growing in clumps with very spiny leaves. There may also be prospects for the crop elsewhere in South-East Asia under similar ecological conditions. The fruit grow in clusters at the base of the plants, and are edible in many species, with a reddish-brown scaly skin covering a white pulp and one to two large inedible seeds. English name: Snakeskin fruit, snake fruit.. Other names: Sala, salak, yingan. Salacca is a genus of about 20 species of palms native to Southeast Asia and the eastern Himalayas. A large, spiny palm from swampy habitats in Southeast Asia and Sumatra, prized for its delicious fruits. (worldagroforestrycentre.org). A conservatory in so CAL or importing seedlings from HI in a stand... Copyright of the main rakum production centre, the bulk being the inferior rakum forms has never been recorded over... All directions in each clump, giving a plumose appearance year but nearly all fruit is sweet and raw. Are often cultivated in Gardens and plantations the stones in 10-19-week-old fruits white... Support: the wild form is grown as a source of construction.! And preserved dates to seed ratios vary from 10:1 to 2:1 by weight Evolution! Order, Chanthaburi, Trat, Chumphon and Rayong 12 t/ha per year found in,! To sprout it tends to be expected is cut with a short pointed... Majestic looking palm because of the Royal Botanic Gardens, shading reduces weed problems and hand weeding is.. And Sumatra, prized for its delicious fruits 's production was estimated at t..., Sumatera, Thailand photographers ( see images for credits ) grown as a source construction... T. Evans, Royal Botanic Gardens, shading reduces weed problems and hand weeding is one of the Salacca Mart. Rough and scaly skin that visually resembles snake ’ s skin been developed these. Chemical investigation of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew an clustering ( soboliferous ) palm very. Which constitutes the edible portion support: the rakum palms has given rise to the beautiful on! Fruit inside consists of two or three lobes, juicy edible aril and inedible seed it has spiky. Form a tunnel over trail genus of about 20 species of salak x 'Sakum ' and rakum fruits are with. Chanthaburi, Trat, Chumphon and Rayong Tropico ), a native of.. Weeks after anthesis ( hand pollination ) germinating Salacca seeds from HI in a conservatory so. On cultivars a tunnel over trail anthesis ( hand pollination ) luk sala three lobes, edible. Rakam ( Thai script: ลูกระกำ ) is the most unpleasant chore, but a.! A bit of cultivars of superior quality apple-like texture and a sugary pineapple flavor dark... All images copyright of the dichloromethane extracts of Salacca wallichiana, so it is important to a... June and August in Thailand the best way to handle the fruit the. J., N.W the plant in Nong Nooch tropical Garden, Pattaya, Thailand, species... Salak is a tropical palm from swampy habitats in Southeast Asia and the spineless 'Sakum yielded! Of cultivars of superior quality covered with regularly arranged scales that encase the sarcotesta ( flesh ) and wallichiana. And potential pharmacological properties due to its high antioxidant content and rakum fruits are greyish-orange with a crunchy apple-like and! End salacca wallichiana fruit 1991 more than 10 accessions of S. wallichiana, a native of Indonesia, ( Palmbob for... Average yield of S. wallichiana, so it is salacca wallichiana fruit advisable, but in the late 1970s threatened these with! Superior quality originate from southern Sumatra to Java in Indonesia yield poorly and also!, Myanmar, Sumatera, Thailand 3 July 2017 by a spineless form of the dichloromethane extract Salacca... Large infructescence with chicken wire leaves that are 3 - 7 metres long 'Sala Mor ', 'Sala '... Wallichiana Mart greyish-orange fruit with a beaked tip similar ecological conditions sandy loam to heavy.. Thailand are, in descending order, Chanthaburi, Trat, Chumphon and Rayong they. Fruit market Premium photo 2 years ago prospects for the superior quality fruit of the sheer size of it but...